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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 124-129

Correlation of parathyroid hormone level with left ventricular mass in patients with end-stage kidney disease on hemodialysis


1 Department of Nephrology, Damanhour Nephrology Institute, Damanhour, Egypt
2 Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt
3 Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt
4 Department of Internal Medicine and Nephrology, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mohamed S Aboelnasr
Internal Medicine; Department of Internal Medicine and Nephrology, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta, 31666
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jesnt.jesnt_1_21

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Background Patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) on hemodialysis (HD) have a high prevalence of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), which is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. Hyperparathyroidism in these patients plays a key role in the development of LVH. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation of parathyroid hormone (PTH) level with left ventricular mass in patients with ESKD on HD. Other factors that contribute to the development of LVH were also included. Patients and methods This study included 40 patients with ESKD at our dialysis unit. Patients were classified into two groups: group I included 20 patients with LVH and group II included 20 patients without LVH. Patients were defined as having LVH if they had left ventricular mass index more than 95 g/m2 in women and more than 115 g/m2 in men. Results There was a statistically significant increase in PTH in patients in group I than group II (P=0.009). Hemoglobin % was significantly lower in patients in group I than group II (P=0.042). Left ventricular mass index showed a significant positive correlation with PTH and a significant negative correlation with hemoglobin %. Conclusion Hyperparathyroidism and anemia are the two major contributors to the development of LVH in patients with ESKD on HD.


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